The Different Gum Diseases

Did you notice any blood when brushing your teeth? If you did, it is telling you that you have a gum problem.

denture on white board

So, what is gum disease or gingivitis?

Gingivitis is the mild type of gum disease wherein there is a swelling of the tissues around and supporting the teeth. This is a result of poor dental hygiene. It is identified by reddening of the swollen gums that is so sensitive that a simple brushing or flossing will make your gums bleed. Gingivitis serves as a warning to a more serious gum problem called periodontitis.

The difference between gingivitis and periodontitis

  • Gingivitis is the swelling of the gums around the teeth while periodontitis is when the bone underneath is swollen. Gingivitis is caused by food remnants mix with saliva and bacteria that produces plaque and it can be seen in the surface of the teeth. When it is hardened it becomes tart or calculus and it cannot be removed by simple brushing and flossing. Only a dentist can remove tartar.
  • Now, if you choose not to give it your attention it will irritate the gums and leads to gingivitis. When no treatment is still done, the harmful bacteria will go from the gums to the bone, and this results to a serious condition called periodontitis. When this happens gums will recede from the gum pockets. Meanwhile when not treated, periodontal disease progresses from early to moderate and advanced state. In this case, teeth may loosen up and starts to fall off.
  • Both diseases will add to the danger of heart disease, diabetes, pneumonia, osteoporosis, and even cancer. So, pay attention to the early signs and go to your dentist right away. Serious ailments resulting from your gum problem can still be treated due to early detection.

Causes of Gum Disease

The primary cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene that welcomes bacteria to harden into plaque and calculus infecting the gums. But there are other factors too.

  • Overlapping, crooked, or rotated teeth that gathers bacteria and hardens it. This makes it difficult to clean the teeth and gums.
  • Smoking tobacco is not helping to heal the gums.
  • Changes in the hormones during pregnancy, puberty, and menopausal makes the bacterial to have a buffet in your mouth.
  • Alcohol brings down oral defense.
  • Stress weakens the body’s immunity to bacteria.
  • Poor nutrition high in carbohydrates and sugar but little water intake are welcoming committees for plaque to set in. Lack of vitamins C reduce healing.
  • Medicines like anti-seizure heightens the possibility of gum disease.
  • Diabetes mellitus reduce circulation and healing of the gums.


After examining your condition, the goal of the dentist is to restrain the infection.

Deep cleaning is the first step and it will not stop in just the teeth but even in the gum line as well.  The dentist may do scaling to take off hardened tartar below and above your gum line. Another procedure is root planning wherein it smoothens out the roots of your teeth. This can be done in just one visit.

Surgery will be suggested by your dentist if your gums and teeth are in a more serious condition. If you need any help with your gums, visit Algodones Dentist. We will provide you a detailed assessment of your teeth and gums. Be sure to drop by 45 Capri Blvd, Lake Havasu City, Arizona when you need dental procedures.

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